What makes a tyre firmly grip the road? Have you ever pondered on this fact? Your tread compound is the area responsible for gripping and providing traction. This compound has different patterns depending on the road conditions and seasonal change. Wondering which tread pattern will suit you best? Here is a list of all the tread patterns available in the market.
Rib pattern: Tyres with this pattern consist of S-shaped voids running through the axis of the tread area. Drivers looking for lower rolling resistance and better directional stability should rely on this pattern. Rib-shaped tyres offer excellent handling performance, and you can steer better at high speed.
The disadvantage of this pattern includes a low grip on wet roads, especially during acceleration and braking. Also, too much flexing can strain the tyre, and the rubber may crack because of the stress.
You can effortlessly use these tyres on challenging roads. Tarmac and concrete roads will make the best companions for Rib-shaped tyres. You can also install them on the front and rear wheels of buses and trucks.
Lug-shaped pattern: You will find a series of grooves running perpendicular to the circumference of the tread compound. These tyres provide enhanced traction and excellent grip. You can efficiently grip the road while accelerating and braking.
Despite these advantages, tyres with a lug-shaped pattern fail to provide a lower rolling resistance. This makes them unsuitable for high-speed driving. They can also get a little noisy during the drives. So, this adds to the list of its cons.
This pattern is made to be used for 4 x 4 tyres, specially made for muddy terrains. These can also be fitted to all-terrain wheels.
Rib-lug shaped: As the name hints, tyres with this pattern have a mixture of both the rib and lug shapes. This means that the tread surface has both S-shaped voids and grooves. This combination provides better directional control and excellent braking and accelerating performance.
Tyres Online with this pattern may not be suitable for some key areas. Rib or lug patterns are made explicitly for those road types. However, rib-lug-shaped patterns can work well on paved and dirt roads.
Block shape: The tread pattern contains a series of blocks all over the tread area. A series of connected grooves bifurcate these blocks. The design offers better grip and traction on wet roads, especially those covered with ice and snow. They also provide stable drives. The grooves in this pattern are responsible for water dispersion. This significantly reduces the chances of hydroplaning.
The only disadvantage carried by the Block-shaped pattern is the durability. These tyres do not last long. But the wet road properties make these tyres perfect for winter and all-season tyres.
Asymmetric shape: Asymmetric shape has a different pattern on each side of the tread. It is mostly used on commercial tyres because of its intense build-up. The design consists of larger blocks on the outer side and smaller ones on the inside.
A larger contact area ensures smooth cornering at high speed. The outer tread doesn’t wear quickly and lasts long. You also get stable rides on turns and straight roads. A driver needs to remember that these tyres should be positioned correctly because of the different patterns.
These tyres are perfect for sports vehicles and drivers who have a more aggressive driving style.
Directional pattern: One of the most common tread patterns, the directional pattern has a series of lateral grooves. These are arranged at a similar angle on either side of the tread compound.
The traction offered by this pattern is excellent, and the braking performance can’t also be matched by the other cheap tyres fitted patterns. The grooves present also help in avoiding aquaplaning. The pattern is mostly used for passenger vehicles.
All of the tread mentioned above patterns have specific properties that make them perfect for different road conditions. You can buy the ones that fit your driving style and road conditions.
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