Categories: Education

Everything you need to know about HGV Driving Licence

Safe and legitimate driving spreads far beyond the freeway system. Ever questioned about the separate categories on the end of your UK driving permit? What do they indicate? Why do we hold them? Do they designate any driving limitations?


For something so common that many of us take around in daily life, it’s shocking to realize that we are not much aware of them. This is why we’ve composed a record of all these complicated HGV driving license levels and regulations, so you can understand what you could and couldn’t drive once you’ve cleared your driving exam, as well as which ones demand an additional examination.


The list of driving license classifications represents all the different classes – from light vehicles to heavy vehicle driving. The descriptions of category definitions represent the entitlements on a permit and what transports it enables you to drive.


The DVLA also sets rules and regulations on a driving grant with requirements that the possessor must meet. The descriptions below will help you comprehend what the different driving license laws mean.


So, how specifically do license categories serve on a driver’s permit? Well, you need to have an accurate ‘entitlement’ on your permit that resembles the type of transportation that you want to drive.

The type of carrier you plan to drive dictates your CDL group, and vice versa. Classes for commercial driver permits are:

  • Class A.
  • Class B.
  • Class C.

Each CDL class is defined by the total vehicle mass evaluating amidst other elements. Make sure that the CDL class you implement will ascertain not only the type of transport you are authorized to drive but also which sanctions you may be obligated to get.

Here is a summary of each CDL level and the standards of transportations you may be conferred.

Class A: A Class A industrial driver’s grant is aided to run any combination of transportations with a whole compound load number of 25,001 lbs. or higher, to include a pulled vehicle that is bulkier than 10,000 lbs.


While your towing wages will depend on which endorsements you obtain, a few of the wheels you may be capable to operate with a Class A CDL add:

  • Tractor and wagons.
  • Lorry and trailer alliances.
  • Duplex and triplex wagons.
  • Tractor-trailer autobuses, minibuses.
  • Oiler wheels.
  • Livestock transporters.

Also, a Class A permit may enable you to manage some Class B and Class C transportations as long as you own the suitable permissions.


What is a Class B CDL?

A Class B business driver permit is expected to operate:

  • A single carrier with a GVWR of 26,001 lbs. or more abundant.
  • Any shipment as described before is pulling another transport scaling up to 10,000 to 11, 000 lbs.


Similar to Class A privileges, you may be required to hold distinct consents to run some motors with a Class B license. Some of the carriers you may be approved to manage includes:

  • Rectilinear trucks.
  • Huge buses, including:
  • City buses.
  • Tourist buses.
  • School buses.
  • Sectioned buses.
  • Case trucks, such as:
    • Express drivers.
    • Furniture delivery.
  • Dump trucks with small wagons.

In summation, a Class B license may enable you to run some Class C transports if you own the legitimate sanctions.



What is a Class C License?

A Class C business driver’s permit may be claimed if:

  • The transportation you plan to tour does not satisfy the guidelines or rules defined for both Class A or Class B permission.
  • It is intended to move both or either one of them.
  • A minimum of 16 passengers is to be included, counting the driver too.
  • Precarious stuff as devised out by central government instructions.



Steps in getting an HGV license

Below are the steps and the course of actions you’ll need to do for each step to get an HGV licence:


  1. Statement conditions
  • You should be above 18 years of age.
  • You should hold a full car driving permit of category B.
  • You should be capable of clearing the medical provisions.


  1. Applying for an HGV driving license
  • Fulfill the D2 and D4 forms.
  • Send the D2, D4, and your driver grant to DVLA
  • Combine the D740 application if you possess photocard permission.
  • Carry original identification records together with a passport size color picture if you hold a written grant.
  • You can normally get your driver’s permit within 3 weeks following the DVLA has accepted your application.


  1. Driving theory test

The operator theory test for bus and lorry is classified into 2 segments;

  • Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
  • Hazard Perception Exam.

It is necessary to clear both within two years of each other to receive your theory examination certification. You can book the test online from HGV official website. After clearing both the multiple-choice questionnaire and hazard perception examination you will then receive your theory examination certificate including your theory test figure on it which is a necessity to schedule for a practical driving examination.


  1. Practical driving examination:

The practical driving examination is a one and a half hour i.e., a 90-minute examination which comprises of following sections:

  • Transportation security questions
  • Practical road driving
  • Off-road operations


  1. Transportation safety question

Transport safety questions will be questioned throughout your practical driving analysis for buses and Lorries, and buses and Lorries with containers or wagons.


  1. Practical road driving

Throughout the practical path driving there will be a 10-minute autonomous driving to evaluate your understanding to make settlements on your individual and operate harmlessly. The inspector will also examine you in the following perspectives:

  • braking inspection
  • usage of reflectors
  • the vehicle handles, switches
  • riding in upward and downhill
  • application of conventional signals
  • knowledge and recognition of other road users’ plans
  • determining a secure spot to park
  • dealing with risks, dangers, uncertainties, jeopardies, etc.
  • regulating pace and maintaining growth


Off-road operations

The off-road operation includes:

  • ‘S’ formed shift toward a harbor and


The examination result 

After giving the practical examination the inspector will reveal if you succeeded or failed, and will also demonstrate your performance in the examination. Hence, this will rectify your license acquiring process.



Studying to operate a heavy goods vehicle i.e., HGV has been the token to a sustained and worthwhile occupation for thousands of drivers over time. It can be yours as well, by knowing HGV training, understanding license requirements, medical, requirements, etc. Achieving your training will equip you to manage a full scale of heavy industrial vehicles, from Lorries to buses. Best of all, you get passage to an industry that now has tens of millions of positions obtainable everywhere in the United Kingdom.

Also Read This Blog: 5 Safety Features To Look For When Buying A Car In UK


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